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Fisetin induces transcription of NADPH:quinone oxidoreductase gene through an antioxidant responsive element-involved activation

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Induction of phase II enzymes such as NADPH:quinone oxidoreductase (QR) can reduce carcinogen-induced mutagenesis and tumor formation. In our search for novel dietary anticarcinogens, fisetin, a flavonol widely distributed in fruits and vegetables was found to induce QR activity in murine hepatoma 1c1c7 cells. The cells were treated with various concentrations of fisetin, and then were assessed for cell growth, QR activity, QR mRNA expression and transcription activation of the QR gene. The results showed that fisetin induced QR activity in time- and dose-dependent manner in the concentration range of 0.1 to 10 μM, and the activity induction was associated with QR mRNA expression as detected by reverse transcription-PCR. Furthermore, transfection studies using a human QR antioxidant/electrophile-response element (ARE/EpRE) reporter construct demonstrated that fisetin activated the ARE/EpRE. These results show that fisetin increases QR activity by transcriptional activation of the ARE/EpRE, suggesting a novel mechanism by which dietary fisetin may be implicated in cancer chemoprevention.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Biochemical Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan

Publication date: June 1, 2001

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  • The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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