Novel 19-nor-hexafluoride vitamin D3 analog (Ro 25-6760) inhibits human colon cancer in vitro via apoptosis.
Our previously performed experiments clearly showed a significant VDR-mediated growth inhibitory effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and its synthetic analogs in a variety of human cancer cells including human colon and breast cancer, soft tissue sarcoma, and malignant melanoma cell lines. The mechanisms by which 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and its synthetic analogs growth inhibit human cancer cells is poorly elucidated. The exposure of human colon cancer cells HT-29 to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 or its analog, 1alpha, 25-dihydroxy-16-ene-23yne-26,27-hexafluoro-19-nor-choleca lci ferol (Ro 25-6760), at the 10(-6) M concentration resulted in significant growth inhibition with induction of the apoptotic process after three days of treatment detected by TUNEL assay and agarose gel electrophoresis of DNA. As a logical link with DNA fragmentation analyses and TUNEL assay, cleavage of the 116 kDa PARP protein was accompanied by the appearance of a characteristic 85 kDa fragment of PARP in a population of floating cells after both treatments. The results of cell cycle analysis showed a G0/G1 phase block after three days of administration of either compound when compared with untreated cells. On day 4, G0/G1 cell cycle arrest remained on the same level in comparison with control. Paralleling the G0/G1 phase block, was a notable decrease in the number of cells in the S phase which also became significant after three days of treatment. The results of these experiments show that the newly developed 19-nor synthetic vitamin D3 analog, Ro 25-6760, as well as 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, induced the expression of p21waf1, resulted in a significant G1/G0 cell cycle arrest leading to impressive growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis associated with proteolytic cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) showing a possible involvement of apoptosis-specific activation of the ICE/CED-3 proteolitic pathway.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Surgery, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA.
Publication date: May 1, 1999
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- The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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