Growth suppression of non-small cell lung carcinoma cells by the introduction of the p16(INK4A) gene
The p16(INK4A) gene is frequently inactivated in nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) by either mutations, deletions or DNA methylations. To assess the biological significance of p16(INK4A) inactivation in the development of NSCLC, full-length p16(INK4A) cDNA was introduced into NSCLC cell lines, A549 and H322, in which p16(INK4A) was homozygously deleted. NSCLC cells transfected with the p16(INK4A) expression vector formed colonies in 20-68% of those with a control vector, and exogenous p16(INK4A) protein was expressed in 4 of 68 A549-derived clones and none of 29 H322-derived clones, respectively. A549-derived clones which stably expressed the exogenous p16(INK4A) gene showed significant decrease in growth rate in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo in proportion to the level of p16(INK4A) expression. Furthermore, the cell cycle of these cells significantly delayed with accumulation of cells in G1 phase. Micro-injection of p16(INK4A) expression vector also revealed that p16(INK4A) blocked S phase entry in both A549 and H322 cells. These results suggest that the restoration of the p16(INK4A) function suppresses the growth of NSCLC cells by induction of G1 arrest in the cells. Therefore, inactivation of p16(INK4A) may play an important role in the enhancement of unregulated NSCLC growth in vivo.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: NATL CANC CTR,RES INST,DIV BIOL,CHUO KU,TOKYO 104,JAPAN. OSAKA UNIV,MICROBIAL DIS RES INST,DEPT ONCOGENE RES,SUITA,OSAKA 565,JAPAN.
Publication date: January 1, 1997
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