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Exposed peptides in the repeat (VNTR) protein core of human mucin 1 (MUC1) could be a target for immunotherapy, as it is highly immunogenic in mice and a human cytotoxic T lymphocytes to MUC1 recognise the peptide. On this basis 13 patients were immunised with a MUC1 peptide - a 20 amino acids dimer conjugated with diphtheria toroid as carrier. In patients with established breast cancer increasing doses (0.15 mg, 0.25 mg, 0.5 mg, 1.0 mg) were used at 2 week intervals (3 injections). No toxicity was found, other than for DTH reaction to the diphtheria carrier; weak antibody and T cell proliferative responses were seen and weak DTH reaction in proportion of patients. The MUC1 peptide appears to be safe but in the form used was not highly immunogenic.
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Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 1, 1995

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  • The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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