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THE ABERRANT P53 PROTEIN (REVIEW)

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According to the current concept of carcinogenesis, neoplastic transformation consists of multistep accumulations of adverse genetic and epigenetic events. Recent advances in molecular genetics have demonstrated aberrations of oncogenes and tumor-suppressor genes in a variety of human cancers. The loss of wild-type p53 gene expression has exceptionally been implicated in the development of a wide variety of human cancers and it is generally accepted that p53 is a component in biochemical pathways central to human carcinogenesis. Although the role of the p53 gene in cancer genesis and development has fueled as many questions, study of p53 has come to the forefront of cancer research and detection of its abnormalities during the development of tumors may have diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic implications. To be of value in clinical practice, immunohistochemical assessment of p53 protein should provide clinically relevant information. The degree of concordance between p53 gene mutation and the accumulation of p53 protein cannot be perfect, however, the immunohistochemical assay using anti-p53 antibodies is the most widely applicable approach for detection of tumors in routine investigations, particularly with regard to diagnosis or prognosis.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 1995

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  • The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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