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SERUM INTERLEUKIN-10 LEVELS IN PATIENTS AFFECTED WITH MULTIPLE-MYELOMA - CORRELATION WITH THE MONOCLONAL COMPONENT AND DISEASE PROGRESSION

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Using a commercially available, competitive ELISA kit based on a polyclonal anti-interleukin-10 antibody, serum interleukin-10 (IL-10) levels were quantified in samples of different groups of patients: 20 healthy controls (CTR), 11 monoclonal gammopathies of uncertain significance (MGUS), 17 multiple myelomas (MM), 10 cancer patients (CANCER), 13 cancer patients + MGUS (MGUS-CA) and 7 MGUS patients after surgical removal of concomitant cancer (MGUS-SRCC). Results show significant differences of both the median levels of IL-10 and the monoclonal component (MC) in CTR, MGUS and MM (patients with increasing concentrations in the mentioned order). The IL-10 levels found in the three groups of cancer patients showed serum levels higher than those observed in the controls. Moreover, the surgical cancer removal was related to an IL-10 decrease. A higly significant correlation between serum IL-10 levels and the corresponding MC was also found in the MM-bearing patients and to a lesser extent, in MGUS patients, indicating that serum IL-10 is parallel to the amount of the activated clone causing the monoclonal gammopathy. Since human myeloma lines, cultured in vitro may release significant amounts of IL-10, the data presented support the hypothesis that serum IL-10, measured in myelomatous patients may, at least in part, derive from the activated clone causing the monoclonal gammopathy.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: REGINA ELENA INST CANC RES,CLIN PATHOL LAB,I-00162 ROME,ITALY. BAYLOR UNIV,A SAMMONS CANC CTR,DALLAS,TX.

Publication date: June 1, 1995

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  • The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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