Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Ectromelia virus upregulates the expression of heat shock protein 70 to promote viral replication

Buy Article:

$42.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

The ectromelia virus (ECTV) is a mouse specific Orthopoxvirus that causes lethal infection in some mouse strains. ECTV infection of these mouse strains has been used as a valuable model for understanding the interplay between Orthopoxvirus species and their hosts, including variola virus in humans. Although poxviruses encode numerous proteins required for DNA and RNA synthesis, and are less dependent on host functions than other DNA viruses, a detailed understanding of the host factors required for the replication of poxviruses is lacking. Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) isoforms have been reported to serve various roles in the replication cycle of numerous viruses. In the present study, microarray and reverse transcriptionquantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis were conducted to investigate the host gene expression profiles following ECTV infection in mice and cell cultures. The results indicated that one Hsp70 isoform, Hsp70 member 1B (Hspa1b), was highly upregulated during ECTV infection in vitro and in vivo. Subsequently, overexpression of Hspa1b protein and small interfering RNAmediated gene silencing of Hspa1b revealed that Hspa1b is required for efficient replication of ECTV. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that ECTV replication may be significantly suppressed by two chemical Hspa1b inhibitors: Quercetin and VER155008. In conclusion, the present study clearly demonstrated that ECTV infection upregulates the expression of Hspa1b in order to promote its replication. The dependence on Hsp70 may be used as a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of Orthopoxvirus infection.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Public Health of Agriculture Ministry, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730046, P.R. China 2: State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Public Health of Agriculture Ministry, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730046, P.R. China 3: National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, MB R3E 3R2, Canada

Publication date: January 1, 2018

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more