Estradiol (E2) acts as a crucial regulator of cell growth by mediating autophagy and apoptosis in breast cancer cells. Caveolin-1 plays a key role in carcinogenesis through its diverse roles in membrane trafficking, cholesterol transport and cellular signal transduction. However, it
remains unknown as to how caveolin-1 is associated with E2-mediated autophagy and apoptosis in breast cancer cells. To resolve this issue, in the present study, we used the human breast cancer cell line, BT474, in which caveolin-1 is abundantly expressed. We demonstrated that treatment with
E2 increased the expression of caveolin-1, high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) and autophagy-related proteins [Beclin-1, light chain (LC3)-II and Atg12/5] in a time-dependent manner and inhibited the apoptosis of BT474 cells. Following the knockdown of caveolin-1 expression using
small interfering RNA (siRNA), the expression of HMGB1, LC3-II and Atg12/5 was decreased, autophgosome formation was inhibited and apoptosis was induced; however, Beclin-1 expression was not affected. Furthermore, we knocked down HMGB1 to validate the role of HMGB1 in E2/caveolin1-regulated
autophagy and apoptosis. Notably, the knockdown of HMGB1 decreased the expression of Beclin-1 and LC3-II and attenuated autophgosome formation and promoted apoptosis. Furthmore, caveolin-1 or HMGB1 knockdown markedly suppressed E2-induced cell growth. These results suggest that caveolin-1
is a positive regulator for E2-induced cell growth by promoting auptophagy and inhibiting apoptosis in BT474 cells.
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Document Type: Research Article
Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430022, P.R. China
Department of General Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430022, P.R. China
Publication date: January 1, 2014
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The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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