Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are generated from arachidonic acid catalysed by cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases. In addition to regulating vascular tone EETs may alleviate inflammation and ROS. The present study was conducted to determine whether CYP2C8 gene overexpression was
able to increase the level of EETs, and subsequently prevent TNF-α induced inflammation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and macrophages. Peroxisome proliferatoractivated receptor γ (PPARγ) activation, nuclear factor-κB
(NF-κB) activation, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activation, gp-91 activation, and inflammatory cytokine expression were detected by western blot analysis or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was measured by flow cytometry,
while the migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) was detected by transwell assay. pCMV-mediated CYP2C8 overexpression and its metabolites, EETs, markedly suppressed TNF-α induced inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and MCP-1 expression via the activation of NF-κB and degradation
of IκBα. Moreover, pretreatment with 11,12-EET significantly blocked TNF-α-induced ROS production. CYP2C8derived EETs also effectively alleviated the migration of VSMCs and improved the function of endothelial cells through the upregulation of eNOS, which was significantly
decreased under the stimulation of TNF-α. Furthermore, these protective effects observed were mediated by PPARγ activation. To the best of our knowledge, the results of the present study demonstrated for the first time that CYP2C8-derived EETs exerted antivascular inflammatory
and anti-oxidative effects, at least in part, through the activation of PPARγ. Thus, the CYP2C8 gene may be useful in the prevention and treatment of vascular inflammatory diseases.
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Document Type: Research Article
The Institute of Hypertension and Department of Internal Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, P.R. China
January 1, 2014
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The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
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