The transcription factor, forkhead box protein M1 (FoxM1), and the tyrosine kinase receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (Her-2), are aberrantly expressed in a number of human malignancies, and are closely associated with the development of cancer. However, their regulatory
mechanisms and their involvement in tumor development have not been extensively investigated, particularly in gastric cancer. In the present study, we examined the expression levels of FoxM1 and Her-2 in samples from patients with gastric cancer, as well as gastric cancer cell lines. Their
regulatory mechanisms and the connection between them were also explored. We found that FoxM1 and Her-2 expression was markedly higher in the gastric cancer samples, while a strong association was found between them at the mRNA and protein level. When we regulated the levels of Her-2 in the
gastric cancer cell lines, the expression of FoxM1 changed accordingly. Following the transfection of Her-2 expression vectors into the gastric cell lines, the luciferase activity of the FoxM1 promoter positively increased along with the concentration of pcDNA3.1-Her-2. However, Her-2-siRNA
inverted this variation, which was further confirmed by treatment with the Her-2 inhibitor, trastuzumab, revealing that Her-2 regulates FoxM1 expression at the promoter level in gastric cancer cells. Our results suggest that FoxM1 and Her-2 are important diagnostic markers for gastric cancer.
FoxM1 may be a potential cellular target for therapeutic intervention, particularly in gastric cancers resistant to Her-2-targeted therapy.
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Document Type: Research Article
Department of Oncology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University Medical College, Qingdao, Shandong 266003, P.R. China
Central Laboratory, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University Medical College, Qingdao, Shandong 266003, P.R. China
Department of Thoracic Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University Medical College, Qingdao, Shandong 266003, P.R. China
Publication date: June 1, 2014
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The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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