P7 peptides targeting bFGF sensitize colorectal cancer cells to CPT-11
The low survival rate of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) is mainly due to the drug resistance of tumor cells to chemotherapeutic agents. It has been reported that basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is an essential factor involved in the epigenetic mechanisms of drug resistance, which provides a novel potential target for improving the sensitivity of tumor cells to chemotherapeutic agents. In this study, we first demonstrate that a novel bFGF antagonist, peptide P7, previously isolated by phage display technology, reversed bFGF-induced resistance to irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11), and counteracted the anti-apoptotic effects of bFGF on CPT-11-treated HT-29 cells. Further experiments indicated that the inhibition of Akt activation, the suppression of bFGF internalization, the increase in the Bax to Bcl-2 ratio and the downregulation of cytokeratin 8 (CK8) by P7 may contribute to the counteracting of the anti-apoptotic effects of bFGF, and further reversal of bFGF-induced resistance to CPT-11. Our results suggest that peptide P7 may have therapeutic potential in CRC as a sensitizer to chemotherapeutic agents by targeting bFGF.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Institute of Tissue Transplantation and Immunology, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, P.R. China
Publication date: January 1, 2014
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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