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Identification and characterization of serine acetyltransferase encoded by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Rv2335 gene

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Serine acetyltransferase (CysE) is the first enzyme involved in the two-step enzymatic pathway of L-cysteine biosynthesis in bacteria and plants, but not in humans. CysE catalyzes the biosynthesis of O-acetyl-L-serine and CoA from L-serine (L-Ser) and acetyl-CoA (AcCoA). Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) Rv2335 was predicted as the cysE gene encoding serine acetyltransferase. In this study, the M. tuberculosis Rv2335 gene was cloned and the CysE protein was expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3). The M. tuberculosis CysE protein was purified by Ni2+ affinity chromatography and confirmed by SDS-PAGE, western blotting and mass spectrometry. The serine acetyltransferase activity of the M. tuberculosis CysE protein was detected using Ellman's reagent. M. tuberculosis CysE displayed optimal activity at pH 7.5 and 37˚C. The Michaelis constant for AcCoA and L-Ser was 0.0513±0.0050 and 0.0264±0.0006 mM, respectively. The maximum velocity (Vmax) for CysE was 0.0073±0.0005 mM/min. The CysE assay and the determination of the kinetic parameters of M. tuberculosis CysE may be helpful for screening its inhibitors in anti-tuberculosis drug discovery.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biotechnology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044, P.R. China 2: Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044, P.R. China

Publication date: January 1, 2013

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  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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