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Genotype analysis of the NRF2 gene mutation in lung cancer

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Nuclear factor (erythroid derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2, gene name NFE2L2) gene mutations have been previously identified in lung cancers. The constitutive activation of NRF2 resulting from gene mutations has been correlated with the poor prognosis of patients with squamous cell lung cancer. However, DNA sequencing using PCR methods described to date is time-consuming and requires significant quantities of DNA. Thus, this existing approach is not suitable for a routine pre-therapeutic screening program. We genotyped the NRF2 gene mutation status in 262 surgically treated lung cancer cases using LightCycler analysis. The presence of the NRF2 gene mutation was confirmed by direct sequencing. We detected 6 cases (2.3%) with NRF2 gene mutations in our cohort, particularly smokers (P=0.04) with squamous histology (P=0.0001). NRF2 gene mutations were present in 10% (6/60) of the lung squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) cases. The NRF2 gene mutation was exclusive of epidermal growth factor receptor mutations. The NRF2 gene mutation occurred with a tendency towards a higher frequency in male patients. Patients with the NRF2 gene mutation (n=22, 11 succumbed to disease) had a significantly worse prognosis when compared with the patients with the wild-type NRF2 gene (n=521, 98 succumbed to disease) from a larger cohort study (log-rank test, P<0.0001) even upon multivariate analysis. In our study, NRF2 gene mutations played a role in the prognosis of patients with SqCC of the lung.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Oncology, Immunology and Surgery, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya 467-8601, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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