Recent studies have revealed that cytokines, including TNFα and IL-6 play key roles in the priming phase of liver regeneration. However, further knowledge of molecular events in the priming phase is needed for more comprehensively understanding the initiation of liver regeneration.
In the present study, we attempted to identify additional genes involved in an early phase (2-6 h post partial hepatectomy, PH). The expression of 71 genes was shown to be up-regulated more than 3-fold in the liver at 2 h and 6 h post PH, as compared to 0 h (normal livers)
using microarray analysis. Among them, Rab30 and S100a8/S100a9, were identified as novel genes up-regulated over 20-fold at 2 h post PH as compared to normal liver, and were further examined by RT-qPCR to confirm microarray results. Rab30 showed no significant up-regulation in organs
other than the liver, whereas S100a8/S100a9 showed significant up-regulation in other organs, such as the lung and spleen at 6 h post PH as compared to those of sham-operated mice, indicating the existence of a different up-regulation machinery between Rab30 and S100a8/S100a9. Their expression
was further investigated in the liver at various developmental stages. Rab30 was shown to be expressed only in newborn liver, whereas S100a8/S100a9 was highly expressed in embryo stages, and exhibited the highest levels in newborn liver. These findings imply that Rab30 and S100a8/S100a9 are
possibly involved in the functional switch from hematopoiesis support to metabolism in the newborn stage, but might play different roles in liver development. In conclusion, Rab30 and S100a8/S100a9 were indicated to play roles in the initiation of liver regeneration as well as possibly in
the functional switch of the liver in the newborn stage.
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Document Type: Research Article
Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennoudai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan
Animal Genome Research Unit, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, 2 Ikenodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0901, Japan
January 1, 2011
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The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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