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N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline attenuates renal inflammation and tubulointerstitial fibrosis in rats

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It has been reported that N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP) attenuates renal and cardiac inflammation as well as fibrosis in hypertensive rats. In this study, we investigated these effects using a unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) model. Eighteen male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups: control, UUO/vehicle and UUO/Ac-SDKP groups. Animal models of renal inflammation and tubulointerstitial fibrosis were established with unilateral ureteral ligation in rats. Ac-SDKP and vehicle were infused subcutaneously by using osmotic mini pumps for two weeks. On the 14th day post-injection, kidney histological changes of each group were observed by hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's stain. Renal macrophage infiltration, together with protein expression and localization of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in renal tissue was assessed by immunohistochemical staining. Gene expression of MCP-1 and TGF-β1 was analyzed with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Ac-SDKP-treated animals demonstrated less severe renal inflammation and tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Interstitial fibrosis was significantly attenuated with Ac-SDKP. ED-1 was expressed in the interstitium of the UUO/vehicle group kidneys and decreased with Ac-SDKP treatment. MCP-1, NF-κB, α-SMA and TGF-β1 were increased in the renal interstitium and tubular epithelial cells of the UUO/vehicle group. Ac-SDKP significantly reduced their expressions. Gene expressions of MCP-1 and TGF-β1 were upregulated in the UUO/vehicle group kidneys and were significantly inhibited by Ac-SDKP. In conclusion, in the rat UUO model Ac-SDKP administration protected against renal inflammation and tubulointerstitial fibrosis. The inhibitory effect of Ac-SDKP was mediated by the reduction in the expression of MCP-1, NF-κB, α-SMA and TGF-β1.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150001, P.R. China

Publication date: December 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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