Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Osteoclast activation by receptor activator of NF-κB ligand enhances the mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells from the bone marrow in acute injury

Buy Article:

$42.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Osteoclasts (OCLs) are multinucleated cells that are derived from the monocyte/macrophage hematopoietic lineage in response to receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) activation. They are specialized cells responsible for physiological bone resorption and as well as pathologic bone loss. In addition to their unique ability to resorb bone, OCLs also play a potential role in the mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells from the bone marrow (BM), particularly under various stress stimuli (e.g. hypoxia, injury or inflammation). We investigated the effect of activated OCLs on the stem cell niche and whether this leads to mobilization of hematopoietic progenitors. We induced activated OCLs from the RAW264.7 cell line through stimulation with RANKL and we quantified the levels of the stem cell niche component SDF-1 on the osteblasts and CXCR4 on the bone marrow cells (BMCs) by culturing with supernatants from activated OCLs. In addition, we exposed mice to stress by inducing liver injury with CCl4 followed by injecting RANKL to activate OCLs and compared the effect on the mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells from the BM. We found that functional OCLs cleaved SDF-1α in the osteoblasts and increased CXCR4 expression in the BMCs. Moreover, under stress in vivo, mobilized hematopoietic progenitor cells were significantly increased after RANKL treatment. These results suggest that OCLs might be involved in alteration of the interaction between SDF-1 and CXCR4 leading to mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells from the BM.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea

Publication date: October 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more