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The role of VIT1/FBXO11 in the regulation of apoptosis and tyrosinase export from endoplasmic reticulum in cultured melanocytes

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Our previous study has shown that VIT1 gene in Chinese vitiligo patients is de facto the FBXO11 gene, and the silencing of that gene has an impact on the ultrastructure of melanocytes. In this study, we further identified the role of the FBXO11 gene in melanocytes and the relationship between dilated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and tyrosinase by inhibition and overexpression of FBXO11 gene. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, cycle and migration of melanocytes were examined when the FBXO11 gene was silenced or overexpressed. The results showed that FBXO11 gene promoted cell proliferation and suppressed cell apoptosis, and yet had little effect on cell migration. Obvious swelling of ER was found in the cells transfected with siRNA of FBXO11 gene. Interestingly, protein level of tyrosinase was extraordinarily high following inhibition of FBXO11 gene. Further examination revealed that tyrosinase and calreticulin were co-localized in ER of transfected cells following siRNA of FBXO11 gene, suggesting that tyrosinase could not be exported from ER effectively. Collectively, our results support the notion that FBXO11 plays an important role in regulating proliferation and apoptosis of melanocytes, and functional export of tyrosinase from ER in vitiligo melanocytes.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Dermatology, Third People's Hospital of Hangzhou, Hangzhou 310009, P.R. China

Publication date: July 1, 2010

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  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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