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Association between IL-17A, -17F and MIF polymorphisms predispose to CpG island hyper-methylation in gastric cancer

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CpG island hyper-methylation (CIHM) is one of the major events in the gastric carcinogenesis. IL-17A, -17F and MIF have a crucial role in the gastric inflammation and carcinogenesis. Recently, we showed that the genetic polymorphisms of MIF-794-CATT repeat are associated with CIHM status in the non-neoplastic gastric mucosa. Consequently, the CIHM status in the gastric cancer tissue, in relation to IL-17A (-197G>A), -17F (7488T>C), and MIF (-173G>C and -794 tetranucleotide repeats) polymorphisms was investigated. Gastric cancer tissues were obtained from 102 patients. CIHM of p14, p16, DAP-kinase and CDH1 genes were determined by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP). CIHM high was defined as three or all CpG islands methylated. We employed the PCR-SSCP (multiplex PCR for IL-17A and -17F) method to detect the gene polymorphisms. We did not find significant association between CIHM status and IL-17F (7488T>C) and MIF (-173G>C) polymorphisms. However, concerning the IL-17A (-197G>A) polymorphism, we found that IL-17A G carrier (GG+GA) held a significantly higher risk of CIHM of p16 (OR=11.22, 95% CI=1.38-91.17, p=0.024) and CIHM high (OR=3.51, 95% CI=1.15-10.68, p=0.027). An association was also found between the 7-CATT repeat carrier (5/7 + 6/7 + 7/7) of the MIF polymorphism (-794-CATT) and reduced risk of CIHM of CDH1 (OR=0.36, 95% CI=0.14-0.92, p=0.032). No association was found between CHIM status and homozygote genotypes of each repeat (-794-CATT 5/5, 6/6, and 7/7). The present results provided evidence that the genetic polymorphisms of IL-17A, and MIF-794-CATT repeat are associated with CIHM status in the gastric cancer. Genetic polymorphisms of IL-17A, and MIF-794-CATT repeat may be involved in methylation-related carcinogenesis in the stomach.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Gastroenterology, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Aichi, 470-1192, Japan., Email: [email protected]

Publication date: January 1, 2010

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  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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