Daedalea gibbosa substances inhibit LPS-induced expression of iNOS by suppression of NF-κB and MAPK activities in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells
Nitric oxide (NO) is a radical molecule produced by iNOS and plays a role in various physiological and pathophysiological conditions including inflammatory diseases and cancer. In the present study, organic extract of Daedalea gibbosa was effective in inhibiting NO and PGE2 production in RAW 264.7 cells. The extract of D. gibbosa was chemically fractionated leading to the isolation of three active fractions (F5-F7) that were effective in inhibiting NO and iNOS production. In addition, F6 and F7 significantly inhibited the iNOS transcript, while F5 did not cause a reduction in the iNOS transcript. Furthermore, the active fractions showed a differential effect on levels of phospho-p38, phospho-JNK, and phospho-IKBα. Phopsho-p38 was moderately inhibited by F5 and only F7 was significantly active in inhibiting phospho-IKBα. Interestingly, all active fractions significantly enhanced levels of phospho-JNK. In addition, the three active fractions also showed differential inhibitory effects on NF-κB DNA binding activity.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Cancer Drug Discovery Program, Migal, Galilee Technology Center, Kiryat Shmona, Israel
Publication date: January 1, 2010
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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