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STEAP4, a gene associated with insulin sensitivity, is regulated by several adipokines in human adipocytes

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We previously identified a six-transmembrane epithelial antigen of the prostate (STEAP) 4 as a novel plasma membrane protein that is downregulated in obese patients and may play a significant role in the development of human obesity. This study was designed to identify the biological characteristics of the STEAP4 gene in human adipocytes. On the basis of oil red O staining and the expression profiles of specific markers, we demonstrated that overexpression of STEAP4 did not affect adipogenesis. 2-Deoxy-D-[3H]-glucose uptake tests showed that STEAP4 promoted insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in mature human adipocytes. Further data from quantitative real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting revealed that the adipokines tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and leptin, which have been implicated in insulin sensitivity regulation, regulate the expression of STEAP4. Our results demonstrate that STEAP4 does not influence human adipocyte differentiation, but it participates in regulating the insulin sensitivity of human adipocytes.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Pediatrics, Nanjing Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210004, P.R. China

Publication date: January 1, 2010

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  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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