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Interleukin-15 increases calcineurin expression in 3T3-L1 cells: Possible involvement on in vivo adipocyte differentiation

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Different studies have revealed that the Ca2+-dependent serine/threonine phosphatase calcineurin is involved in the regulation of adipocyte differentiation. Calcineurin acts as a Ca2+-dependent molecular switch that negatively regulates the ability of 3T3-L1 cells to undergo adipocyte differentiation by preventing the expression of critical proadipogenic transcription factors. In this study we investigated the role of interleukin-15 (IL-15), a cytokine previously known to be involved in the control of fat accretion by adipose cells, in the differentiation of the 3T3-L1 preadipose cell line. We found that IL-15 is able to increase α-calcineurin mRNA content in white adipose tissue of rats chronically treated with the cytokine and also in the 3T3-L1 preadipose cell line. Moreover, IL-15 promoted a decrease in both leptin mRNA expression and lipid accumulation, as estimated by Red Oil O staining. Cotreatment with IL-15 and FK506 (a calcineurin inhibitor) resulted in no changes in lipid content compared with the non-treated group. These data suggest that IL-15 directly inhibits adipogenesis, possibly by upregulating α-calcineurin and preventing the induction of adipocyte differentiation.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

Publication date: January 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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