Evaluation of novel cyclic analogues of apelin
Apelin regulates various cell signaling processes through interaction with its specific cell-surface receptor, APJ, which is a member of a seven transmembrane G protein-coupled receptor superfamily. To develop a novel apelin analogue, we synthesized cyclic analogues of minimal apelin fragment RPRLSHKGPMPF (apelin-12), and evaluated their bioactivities in a recombinant human APJ-expressed cell line. Three cyclic analogues were synthesized: cyclo apelin-12 (C1) in combination with amino-terminal to carboxy-terminal, cyclourea apelin-12 (C3) in combination with amino-terminal and amino acid side chain at positions 7, and cyclic apelin-12 (C4) in combination with amino acid side chain at positions 7 to carboxy-terminal. All cyclic analogues exhibited dose-dependent inhibitory effects against forskolin-induced cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) accumulation, and the maximal effects were almost abolished by pertussis toxin (PTx) treatment. Moreover, they could modulate the intracellular signaling pathways composed of Akt and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) serine/threonine protein kinases in PTx-sensitive manner. This is the first approach to apply cyclization on apelin, and these results provide the basis for the development of drug-like apelin analogues.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Ankhs Incorporated, Tsukuba Industrial Liaison and Cooperative Research Center, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577, Japan
Publication date: 01 January 2008
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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