Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a major etiologic agent of neonatal bacterial infections and is the most common cause of sepsis and pneumonia in newborns. Surface and secreted molecules of GBS are often essential virulence factors which are involved in the adherence of the bacteria to
host cells or are required to suppress the defense mechanisms of hosts. We analyzed the peptidase profiles of GBS by detection of proteolytic activities on SDS-PAGE containing copolymerized gelatin as substrate. Based on the inhibition by o-phenathroline and EGTA, three distinct peptidases
of 220, 200 and 180 kDa were identified in the culture medium, besides one major cell-associated proteolytic activity, a 200-kDa metallopeptidase, suggesting that all were zinc-metallopeptidases. GBS culture supernatants, rich in metallotype peptidases, also cleaved fibronectin, laminin, type
IV collagen, fibrinogen and albumin. Cleavage of the host extracellular matrix by GBS may be a relevant factor in the process of bacterial dissemination and/or invasion. Notably, metallopeptidase inhibitors strongly blocked GBS growth as well as its interaction with human cell lineages. Understanding
the contribution of peptidases to the pathogenesis of GBS disease may broaden our perception of how this significant pathogen causes severe infections in newborn infants.
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Document Type: Research Article
Departamento de Biologia Celular e Genética, Instituto Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes (IBRAG), Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), 20550-013 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Publication date: January 1, 2008
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The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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