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Expression of Dlk1 gene in myelodysplastic syndrome determined by microarray, and its effects on leukemia cells

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Delta-like-1 (Dlk1, also Pref-1), a transmembrane and secreted protein, is a member of the epidermal growth factor-like family, homologous to Notch/Delta/Serrate. We found that the expression of Dlk1 was up-regulated in CD34+ cells from patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) by analyzing the gene expression profiles determined by microarray. The expression levels of Dlk1 mRNA frequently observed higher in the bone marrow mononuclear cells of MDS patients was confirmed by real-time RT-PCR. Forced expression of Dlk1 in transfected K562 cells enhanced proliferation, affected apoptosis induced by As2O3, and also influenced cell cycle induced by 12-O-tetra decanoylphorbol-acetate (TPA). By using the same experimental system we found that forced expression of Dlk1 increased the mRNA levels of HES1. It also inhibited p38 phosphorylation in transfected K562 cells treated with TPA. These results warrant further investigation of the role of Dlk1 in abnormal hematopoiesis in MDS.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Leukemia Research Division, Jiangsu Institute of Hematology, Key Laboratory of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Ministry of Health, First Affiliated Hospital, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, P.R. China

Publication date: January 1, 2008

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  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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