Significance of mitochondrial calcium and nitric oxide for apoptosis of human breast cancer cells induced by tamoxifen and etoposide
In the present study, we tested the significance of mitochondria for apoptosis upon exposure to tamoxifen and etoposide using two human breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231. We showed that both tamoxifen and etoposide induced apoptosis, increased intramitochondrial calcium and nitric oxide, and decreased mitochondrial transmembrane potential in both cell lines. Both drugs increased mitochondrial protein tyrosine nitration and caused release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria of both cell lines. This study suggests that tamoxifen and etoposide utilize a common mechanism to induce apoptosis in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Surgery, Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, and Institute of Mitochondrial Biology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Publication date: January 1, 2008
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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