Age-related changes in BAFF and APRIL profiles and upregulation of BAFF and APRIL expression in patients with primary antibody deficiency
In some patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) and immunoglobulin (Ig) A deficiency (IgAD), tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family receptor transmembrane activator and calcium-modulator and cyclophilin ligand interactor (TACI) gene mutations have been reported. B cells from individuals with TACI mutations do not produce IgG and IgA in response to the TACI ligand a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) which probably suggests impaired isotype switching. To clarify the pathogenesis of CVID and IgAD of Japanese patients, we investigated the mutations of TNF family members TACI, APRIL, B-cell activating factor (BAFF), B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) and BAFF receptor (BAFF-R) genes and the expression levels of BAFF and APRIL in patients with CVID, IgAD and X-linked agammaglobulinaemia (XLA). We also investigated the relationship between age and the blood plasma levels of BAFF and APRIL. The causative gene mutations of TNF family members in our patients were not detected. In healthy subjects, the BAFF and APRIL plasma levels correlated inversely with age. The BAFF and APRIL plasma levels of patients with CVID, IgAD and XLA were significantly higher than those of healthy children. Elevated BAFF and APRIL expression levels might partially reflect the common immunological feature of primary antibody deficiency.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu University, Gifu 501-1194, Japan
Publication date: February 1, 2008
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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