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Differential secretion of prostaglandin E2, thromboxane A2 and interleukin-6 in intact and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms

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Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) contributes largely to aneurysm-related morbidity and mortality. An inflammatory gene, COX-2, was found to be widely expressed in AAA. However, the involvement of COX-2 metabolites and other inflammatory mediators in the disease and particularly in AAA rupture still needs elucidation. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the secretion of inflammatory mediators and the expression of macrophages in aneurysms and determine their significance in ruptured AAA. Aortic tissue was harvested at time of aortic reconstructive surgery for the group of intact AAA (n=20) and ruptured AAA (n=10) or at time of organ harvest for normal aortic tissue (n=4). Aortic explant cultures were immediately established and the culture medium was collected after 72 h. Specific enzyme-linked immunoassorbent assays were used to quantify COX-2 metabolites and inflammatory cytokines. Inflammatory macrophage cells were also quantified in the corresponding aortic walls immunohistochemically. Differences in the secretory levels of inflammatory metabolites and the macrophage quantity in all groups were assessed. All three explant culture groups secreted detectable levels of studied COX-2 metabolites, including PGE2, PGF2α, PGI2 and TxB2 and inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10. The secretory levels of PGE2, TXB2 and IL-6 were highest in the ruptured AAA explant cultures and statistically higher than those in intact AAA cultures (p<0.05). The secretion of those inflammatory mediators and the local expression of macrophages in ruptured aneurysm probably reflects the active inflammatory processes in the aortic lesions. A means of modifying the inflammatory process in the wall of AAAs might play an important role in preventing aneurysm rupture.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Surgery, University of Hong Kong Medical Centre, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, P.R. China

Publication date: September 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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