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Association between genetic polymorphisms in thecyclooxygenase-1 gene promoter and peptic ulcers in Japan

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Cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) has been regarded as a constitutively expressed enzyme that generates prostaglandins for gastrointestinal integrity. We attempted to clarify the association between potentially functional polymorphisms (T-1676C and A-842G/C50T) in the COX-1 gene promoter and gastroduodenal disorders in a Japanese population. The study was performed with 480 stocked DNAs from subjects (gastric ulcers in 93 subjects and duodenal ulcers in 44) with no evidence of gastric malignancy. We employed the PCR-SSCP method to detect gene polymorphisms. The severity of histological chronic gastritis in antral biopsy specimens was classified according to the updated Sydney system. The T-1676C polymorphism was not associated with either gastric mucosal atrophy or infiltration of inflammatory cells into gastric mucosa. In non-NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) users, male gender and Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection were significantly associated with both gastric and duodenal ulcers, whereas the -1676T allele carrier was significantly associated with only gastric ulcers (OR, 2.86; 95% CI, 1.29-6.34). In NSAID users, the number of -1676T alleles was significantly associated with developing gastroduodenal ulcers (OR, 5.80; 95% CI, 1.59-21.1), whereas male gender and HP infection were not. The -842T/ C50T polymorphism was not detected in any of the 480 Japanese subjects. In conclusion, a carrier of the -1676T allele in the COX-1 gene promoter, as well as HP infection and male gender, seem to be significant risk factors for developing gastric ulcers, and the number of -1676T alleles was also a significant risk factor for the NSAID-induced ulcer, whereas the frequency of the A-842G polymorphism was thought to be very rare in the Japanese population.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Gatroenterology, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake 470-1192, Japan., Email: [email protected]

Publication date: September 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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