The action of GLP-1 and exendins upon glucose transport in normal human adipocytes, and on kinase activity as compared to morbidly obese patients
A role of GLP-1 (glucagon-like peptide-1) in the recovery of the metabolic conditions of morbidly obese patients after bariatric surgery has been proposed. Exendin 4 (Ex-4) and exendin 9 (Ex-9) both have GLP-1-like effects upon glucose metabolism in human myocytes. We investigated in normal human adipocytes the effect of GLP-1, Ex-4 and Ex-9, compared with insulin upon the activity of PI3K, PKB, MAPKs and p70s6 kinases, and the participation of these enzymes in their action upon 2-deoxy-D-glucose transport by using potential inhibitors. The study was extended to morbidly obese patients. In normal subjects, GLP-1, Ex-4 and insulin, but not Ex-9, increased glucose uptake. In addition, GLP-1 and Ex-4 stimulated PI3K and MAPKs, similar to insulin, but not PKB. Ex-9 only enhanced PI3K, while none affected p70s6k. Inhibition of both PI3K and MAPKs blocked the stimulatory action of GLP-1, Ex-4 and insulin upon glucose transport. In obese patients, basal PI3K, PKB and MAPK activity was, as a rule, lower than that in normal subjects, while cells maintained their normal incremental response to GLP-1, Ex-4 or insulin; Ex-9 induced a clear stimulation of p42 MAPK. In summary, in normal human adipocytes, GLP-1 and Ex-4 have a protein kinase-dependent increasing effect upon glucose transport, which is impaired in obese patients. The participation of GLP-1 in the normalization of the metabolic conditions of the obese may occur through its effects on lipid metabolism or through effects upon glucose transport and/or metabolism in the liver and muscle, which in human obesity remain to be investigated.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Metabolism, Nutrition and Hormones, Fundación Jiménez Díaz, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Publication date: January 1, 2007
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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