Interleukin-31 stimulates production of inflammatory mediators from human colonic subepithelial myofibroblasts
Interleukin (IL)-31 is mainly produced by CD4+ T cells, in particular T cells skewed toward a Th2 phenotype. Here we report for the first time that IL-31 stimulates secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) from human colonic subepithelial myofibroblasts (SEMFs). The effects of IL-31 were investigated by cDNA microarrays, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and real-time PCR. IL-31 effectively induced chemokines [IL-8, GRO-α (growth-related oncogene-α), MCP-3 (monocyte chemoattractant protein-3), CXCL3, CCL13 and CCL15], proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-16 and IL-32) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-25 and MMP-7). IL-31 dose-dependently induced secretion of IL-6, IL-8, GRO-α, MCP-3, MMP-1 and MMP-3. The effects of IL-31 were comparable to the effects of IL-17A. IL-31 and IL-17A showed additive effects on IL-6, IL-8, GRO-α, MCP-3, MMP-1 and MMP-3 secretion. In conclusion, we demonstrated that IL-31 is a potent inducer of proinflammatory mediators in human colonic SEMFs. IL-31 may function as a proinflammatory cytokine derived from Th2 cells.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Internal Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu 520-2192, Japan
Publication date: January 1, 2007
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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