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DJ-1 degrades transthyretin and an inactive form of DJ-1 is secreted in familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy

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DJ-1 plays roles in transcriptional regulation and anti-oxidative stress, and loss of its function is thought to result in the onset of Parkinson's disease. DJ-1 has a protease-like structure and transthyretin (TTR), a protein causing familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP), was identified as a substrate for DJ-1 protease in this study. Both TTR and DJ-1 were secreted into the culture medium under normal conditions, and secreted TTR was not aggregated. Under oxidative conditions, TTR but not DJ-1 was secreted into the culture medium, resulting in aggregation. Mirror images of both the expression patterns and solubility of DJ-1 and TTR were observed in tissues of FAP patients, and an unoxidized form of DJ-1, an inactive form, was secreted into the serum of FAP patients. These results suggest that oxidative stress to cells abrogates secretion of DJ-1 and that secreted DJ-1 degrades aggregated TTR to protect against the onset of FAP.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8589, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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