Comano's (Trentino) thermal water interferes with tumour necrosis factor-α expression and interleukin-8 production and secretion by cultured human psoriatic keratinocytes: Yet other mechanisms of its anti-psoriatic action
Thermal balneotherapy with Comano's spa water (CW; Trentino, Italy) is beneficial for psoriasis and other skin disorders but its operative mechanisms are largely unknown. Previously, we showed that CW interferes with the production and secretion of IL-6 and various VEGF-A isoforms and with CK-16 expression by cultured human psoriatic keratinocytes. In this study, confluent cultures of epidermal keratinocytes isolated from the lesional areas of 9 psoriatic patients were exposed for 11-13 days to DMEM, whose chemicals had been dissolved in either deionised water (DW-DMEM, controls) or CW (CW-DMEM, treated cells), in order to assess the expression and secretion of TNF-α and IL-8 by such cells. The results gained by means of immunocytochemistry, Western immunoblotting (WB), and ELISA assays showed that CW exposure significantly down-regulated the intracellular levels of TNF-α, a key inducer of IL-8, IL-6, and other chemokines. However, no assayable TNF-α secretion occurred in keratinocyte-conditioned DW- and CW-DMEM samples. Moreover, the intracellular levels and secretion rates of IL-8 were also markedly reduced in the protein extracts and conditioned media of CW-DMEM-incubated keratinocytes. Notably, the most effective inhibition of IL-8 secretion was elicited by a 25% CW fraction in the DMEM. Altogether, our findings indicate that by attenuating at lesional skin sites the deregulated production and secretion of a cascade of several cytokines and chemokines (e.g. TNF- α, IL-8, IL-6, and various VEGF-A isoforms), and by offsetting the keratinocytes' abnormal differentiation program entailing CK-16 expression, CW balneotherapy may beneficially influence the clinical manifestations of psoriasis.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Histology and Embryology Unit, Department of Biomedical and Surgical Sciences, University of Verona Medical School, Verona I-37134, Italy
Publication date: March 1, 2007
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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