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REIC/Dkk-3 as a potential gene therapeutic agent against human testicular cancer

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Human testicular cancer is very sensitive to chemotherapy and radiation therapy and is regarded as a curable cancer. The cancer prevails in the young reproductive generation and testicular dysfunction is often observed as a side effect, remaining a serious challenge. In the present study, we examined the potential utility of REIC/Dkk-3-based gene therapy against human testicular cancer. Expression of REIC/Dkk-3 was reduced in all of the human seminoma and non-seminomatous germ cell tumor tissues. Overexpression of REIC/Dkk-3 using an adenovirus vector (Ad-REIC) induced apoptosis in a testicular germ cell cancer cell line NCCIT but not in normal human fibroblasts. c-Jun terminal kinase (JNK) was activated by Ad-REIC and the induction of apoptosis was abrogated by a JNK inhibitor. A single intratumoral injection of Ad-REIC markedly inhibited the tumorigenic growth of NCCIT cells in nude mice. These results indicate that Ad-REIC may lead to developing less insulting and non-genotoxic therapeutic measures against human testicular cancer.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Urology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558, Japan

Publication date: March 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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