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Mutation analysis of HNF-4 binding sites in the human glucose-6-phosphatase promoter

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HNF-4, a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily, binds to HNF-4 response elements (HRE), consisting of a direct repeat of the hexameric half-sites spaced by 1 nt (direct repeat 1) and activates a number of genes, which play central roles in fatty acids and glucose metabolism. Glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) catalyzes the terminal step in the gluconeogenic and glycogenolytic pathways. A previous study has shown that HNF-4 binds to two DR1s in the regions A (located between −266 and −234) and B (located between −306 and −274) on the human G6Pase promoter. We found that the region B contains the one more DR1 element, composed of the two half-sites, designated half-sites a and b, the latter of which overlaps with the previously identified DR1 consisting of two half-sites, designated half-sites b and c. In this study, electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) using point mutations in each half-site a, b, or c indicated that HNF-4 binds to the combination of half-sites a and b, but not to half-sites b and c. Furthermore, mutational analysis demonstrated that, in the context of the human G6Pase promoter, the half-sites a and b, but not the half-sites b and c, are required for the stimulatory effect of HNF-4. These results suggested that the DR1 element containing the half-sites a and b is a functional HRE that mediates the induction of hG6Pase promoter activity by HNF-4.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Center of Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577, Japan

Publication date: March 1, 2005

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  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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