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The kinase domain of death-associated protein kinase is inhibitory for tubulointerstitial fibrosis in chronic obstructive nephropathy

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Death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) is a Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent serine/threonine kinase that is thought to mediate apoptosis. We have shown that the kinase domain of DAPK is crucial for the induction of renal tubular cell apoptosis in chronic obstructive uropathy (COU) created by unilateral ureteral ligation. DAPK-mutant mice, generated by deletion of 74 amino acids from the catalytic kinase domain, were used to investigate the role of the DAPK kinase domain in renal fibrosis following COU. Interstitial collagen and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) expressions in situ were compared between obstructed kidneys in wild-type and mutant mice. As a result, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, as quantified by interstitial collagen expression, was significantly augmented in mutant kidneys compared with wild-type kidneys following COU. Furthermore, deletion of the kinase domain from DAPK significantly increased the appearance of α-SMA-positive myofibroblasts in the renal interstitium during COU. Thus, our results suggest that the kinase domain deleted by gene targeting plays a suppressive role for the development of renal fibrosis through inhibition of the tubular epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in a mouse model of COU.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Physiology, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama 641-8509, Japan., Email: [email protected]

Publication date: January 1, 2005

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  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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