IL-10 and TGF-β differ in their regulation of aminopeptidase N/CD13 expression in monocytes
Human monocytic cells express considerable amounts of aminopeptidase N (APN)/CD13, a transmembrane protein proposed to play a role in the modulation of kinins, neuropeptides and chemotactic mediators as well as in adhesion and cell-cell interactions. Previous studies have shown that APN/CD13 participates in antigen processing and presentation, trimming peptides protruding out of MHC class II molecules. In several inflammatory processes, macrophages have been shown to express especially high amounts of MHC class II molecules and of this peptidase. To learn more about the regulation of APN/CD13 on monocytes we investigated its expression under the influence of cytokines. Here, we report a dose- and time-dependent up-regulation of APN/CD13 mRNA and protein expression by transforming growth factor (TGF)-β on human monocytes. To the contrary, we found IL-10 down-regulating the expression of APN/CD13 mRNA and protein. Both the regulation of the APN/CD13 protein assessed by immunofluorescence and the gene expression assessed by real-time PCR were highly correlated. Using the Dual-Luciferase reporter assay, we demonstrate that TGF-β treatment of monocytes results in a higher activity of the APN/CD13 myeloid promoter. Our results implicate differences in the expression of the membrane peptidase APN/CD13 and therefore in the peptide-modulating ability of monocytes after exposure to these two immunosuppressive cytokines, TGF-β and IL-10.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Institute of Medical Immunology, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, D-06114 Halle, Germany., Email: [email protected]
Publication date: June 1, 2004
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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