Plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1: Its structure, biological activity and role in tumorigenesis (Review)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1), is a unique member of serpin superfamily, the primary regulator of plasminogen activation and therefore essential factor regulating physiological thrombotic/fibrinolytic balance in vivo. Via interactions with integrins and extracellular matrix components it orchestrates also cell adhesion and migration. Therefore, PAI-1 is considered one of the key regulators of tumor invasion and metastasis, as well as cancer-related angiogenesis. This review summarizes recent findings on the structure and functional activity of the plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1, and current opinions on its role in tumorigenesis.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Laboratory Diagnostics and Immunology, National Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Warsaw, Poland
Publication date: June 1, 2004
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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