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Influence of polarisation and differentiation on interaction of 43-kDa outer-membrane protein of Aeromonas caviae with human enterocyte-like Caco-2 cell line

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It has been recognised that adherence and invasion to host cells are important steps in the pathogenesis of entero-pathogenic bacteria, including Aeromonas caviae. However, the virulence factors of A. caviae remain, for the most part, poorly known. This study examined the interaction of A. caviae isolates to Caco-2 cells in different polarisation and differentiation conditions. The adherence of A. caviae may be related to accessibility of host cell basolateral receptors. Aggregative A. caviae isolates, grown at 22°C, were more adherent in both non-polarised and undifferentiated Caco-2 cells and EGTA-treated polarised and differentiated Caco-2 cells. Furthermore, monolayers pre-incubated with 43-kDa outer-membrane protein (OMP) or A. caviae strains pre-incubated with rabbit IgG anti-43-kDa OMP decreased adherence of some A. caviae strains to EGTA-treated polarised and differentiated Caco-2 cells, suggesting an interaction of 43-kDa OMP with basolateral cell receptors. Bacterial cells were observed adhering to microvilli and to plasma membrane on both the apical and basal surfaces of the monolayer. Pedestal-like formation with cytoskeletal rearrangement was also observed. The bacteria entered the Caco-2 cells and were observed enclosed in single and multiple membrane-bound vacuoles within the host cell cytoplasm. Furthermore, A. caviae were observed free in the cytosol of Caco-2 cells, suggesting escape form cytoplasmatic vacuoles.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Publication date: May 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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