Persistent expression of the α1S-dihydropyridine receptor in aged human skeletal muscle: Implications for the excitation-contraction uncoupling hypothesis of sarcopenia
Previous studies on aged animal muscle suggest that excitation-contraction uncoupling and fibre transitions play a central role in sarcopenia, the progressive loss and functional decline of aging skeletal muscle fibres. A drastic reduction in the voltage-sensing α1S-subunit of the transverse-tubular dihydropyridine receptor is believed to be the underlying cause for a decreased transmission of the surface depolarization signal into Ca2+-mediated muscle contraction. Extending these studies to human muscle, we asked whether potential changes in the relative expression of the voltage sensor occur in senescent human fibres. For internal standardization and as markers of potential fast-to-slow transitions, the fast isoforms of the Ca2+-binding element calsequestrin and the myosin heavy chain were employed. Besides small inter-individual variations in expression levels, the microsomal immunoblot analysis of vastus lateralis autopsy specimens from male humans aged 18 to 82 years of age showed no major changes in the relative abundance of the α1S- and α2-dihydropyridine receptor, fast calsequestrin and the slow/fast myosin heavy chains. The oligomeric status of the α1S-dihydropyridine receptor was unaltered in aged fibres. Biochemical assays revealed no significant modifications in Ca2+-ATPase activity and a reduced Ca2+-binding capacity in aged human muscle preparations. Although impairments of other Ca2+-regulatory proteins and/or disturbed protein-protein interactions might be involved in the pathophysiological changes of sarcopenia, dihydropyridine receptor and calsequestrin expression seem to be preserved during the aging process of human skeletal muscle fibres. Hence, the supposition that excitation-contraction uncoupling is responsible for sarcopenia can not be transferred from animal models to senescent human muscle without modifications.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Pharmacology, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
Publication date: January 1, 2003
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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