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Investigation of endotoxin adsorption with polyether polymer alloy dialysis membranes

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Endotoxin (ET) in the dialysate is known to be adsorbed by dialysis membranes made of polyether polymer alloy (PEPA) and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). In the present study, the effect of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) localization of the PEPA dialysis membrane on the adsorption of ET was investigated. The compounding of PVP in the PEPA membrane was changed, and hydrophobic membrane in both blood side and dialysate side, and hydrophilic membrane in only the blood side were used. Adsorption was evaluated by filling the contaminated dialysate inside and outside the membrane after priming with physiological saline, and determining the ET concentration in the blood side and dialysate side of dialysis membrane during the 240 min period from the start of filling the contaminated dialysate. With the PEPA membranes investigated, ET was significantly adsorbed to the hydrophobic side and was not adsorbed to the blood side of hydrophilic type membrane. These results suggest that in addition to electrostatic action attributable to the compounding of hydrophilic agent PVP to the dialysis membrane, the distribution of PVP that was compounded and the potential of the membrane itself may cause differences in adsorption of ET.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Urology, Osaka City University, Abeno-ku, Osaka 545-8585, Japan., Email: [email protected]

Publication date: January 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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