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Comprehensive analysis of intestinal cytokine messenger RNA profile by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

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Although the cytokine network plays a key role in the inflammatory responses in inflammatory bowel disease, no comprehensive analysis of the intestinal cytokine network has been reported. We analyzed messenger RNA levels for various cytokines in human intestine by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction to clarify the cytokine profiles involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. Biopsy specimens were obtained from 23 patients with ulcerative colitis (15 men, 8 women, mean age of 44.1 years), 17 patients with Crohn's disease (15 men, 2 women, mean age of 21.6 years), and 8 normal controls (6 men, 2 women, mean age of 62.7 years) who underwent colonoscopy for suspected colonic disease. Messenger RNA was isolated from two biopsy samples and reverse-transcribed to obtain cDNA. Mucosal mRNA levels for IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p35, IL-12p40, IL-15, IFN-γ and TNF-α were simultaneously analyzed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In patients with active ulcerative colitis, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-5, IL-8, IL-12p40, IFN-γ and TNF-α mRNA levels were significantly higher than those in controls. In patients with active Crohn's disease, IL-1β, IL-8, and IL-12p40 mRNA levels were significantly higher than those in controls. Mucosal level of IL-12p40 mRNA was significantly higher in patients with inactive Crohn's disease than in controls. Both Th1 and Th2 cytokine mRNA levels were increased in colonic mucosa of patients with ulcerative colitis suggesting the possibility that cellular and humoral immunity play roles in the pathogenesis of this disease. In patients with Crohn's disease, Th1 cytokine mRNA levels were increased in colonic mucosa, suggesting predominance of cellular immunity in the pathogenesis of this disease.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Gastroenterology, Osaka City University, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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