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Enhanced expression of endothelin-A receptor in human transplant renal arteriosclerosis

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Transplant renal arteriosclerosis (TRA), characterized by concentric neointimal thickening, is one of the major causes of chronic rejection in human kidney transplantation. Endothelin-1 is known to be a powerful vasoconstrictor and a vascular smooth muscle cell mitogen. Previous experimental studies have shown that endothelin-A receptor (ETA receptor) is expressed selectively in vascular smooth muscle cells, and is the major mediator of endothelin-1-induced effects. However, ETA receptor expression in human renal allografts has not been reported. In this study, we immunohistochemically investigated the expression of ETA receptor in relation to the development of TRA, using nine human renal allografts removed due to rejection and ten normal kidneys as controls. In intrarenal arteries of normal kidneys, medial smooth muscle cells showed weak expression of ETA receptor. In intrarenal arteries with TRA of human renal allografts, increased expression of ETA receptor was found in medial smooth muscle cells, and distinct expression of ETA receptor was also detected in smooth muscle cells within the neointima. These results suggest that enhanced expression of ETA receptor may induce an increase in the local proliferative and vasoconstrictive effects of endothelin-1 in human renal allografts.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Urology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka 545-8585, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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