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Radiation-induced reactive oxygen species formation prior to oxidative DNA damage in human peripheral T cells

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Previously, we demonstrated that human peripheral T lymphocytes revealed early apoptotic changes (annexin V-positive) and late apoptotic changes (propidium iodide-positive), at 13 and 24 h, respectively, after irradiation of 5 Gy. Changes in mitochondrial membrane potential were observed at 10 h after irradiation of 5 Gy. Subsequently, mitochondrial cytochrome c-release was confirmed. In order to elucidate the mechanism which acts prior to the mitochondrial membrane potential changes, we examined in the previous study the radiation dose and the timing of oxidative DNA damage induced in human peripheral T lymphocytes following 10 MV X-ray irradiation. As a result, the production of 8-oxoguanine, i.e., the product of oxidative DNA damage, was clearly identified starting at 10, 6, and 3 h, after 2, 5, and 20 Gy of irradiation, respectively. Therefore, we examined in the present study reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in T lymphocytes following 5 Gy of irradiation. Using a CCD camera system, we monitored fluorescence in T lymphocytes loaded with the succinimidyl ester of dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (H2DCFDA), which is non-fluorescent until oxidized by ROS. We found that ROS formation occurred immediately after irradiation, continued for several hours, and resulted in oxidative DNA damage. Therefore, the origin of hyper-radiosensitivity of T lymphocytes seemed to be the high production of ROS in the mitochondrial DNA following irradiation.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Radiology, Kochi Medical School, Oko-cho, Nankoku-shi, Kochi-Prefecture 783-8505, Japan., Email: [email protected]

Publication date: January 1, 2003

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  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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