Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

The HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor lovastatin protects cells from the antineoplastic drugs doxorubicin and etoposide

Buy Article:

$42.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Ras-homologous GTPases are involved in the regulation of genotoxic stress-induced gene expression and cell death. Since they need C-terminal isoprenylation for correct intracellular localization and function, we investigated whether depletion of cells from isopren precursor moieties using the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor lovastatin affects cellular sensitivity to DNA damaging drugs. Here we show that lovastatin renders cells highly resistant to the tumor-therapeutic compound doxorubicin. Desensitization by lovastatin was reverted by co-treatment with GGPP indicating that inhibition of protein geranylgeranylation is involved in acquired doxorubicin resistance. Lovastatin does not influence cellular sensitivity to DNA damaging compounds such as cisplatin, methyl methanesulfonate and ionizing radiation. The frequency of apoptotic cell death induced by doxorubicin was not affected by lovastatin as shown by both annexin V and DNA fragmentation assay. However, lovastatin releases cells from doxorubicin induced G2 blockage. Furthermore, lovastatin protects cells from doxorubicin-induced DNA strand breakage without affecting drug uptake or the expression of multidrug resistance protein (mdr-1). Since lovastatin confers cross-resistance to the topoisomerase II specific inhibitor etoposide, we suggest desensitization by the statin to be related to topoisomerase II function. The finding that lovastatin renders cells resistant to doxorubicin and etoposide by reducing their genotoxic and cytotoxic effects might have clinical implications for cancer therapy.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Division of Applied Toxicology, Institute of Toxicology, University of Mainz, D-55131 Mainz, Germany

Publication date: January 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more