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Role of endogenous regucalcin in bone metabolism: Bone loss is induced in regucalcin transgenic rats

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The role of endogenous regucalcin in the regulation of bone metabolism was investigated by using regucalcin transgenic (TG) rats. The expression of regucalcin mRNA in the femoral-diaphyseal and -metaphyseal tissues of normal (wild-type) rats was shown by using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with a specific primer of regucalcin cDNA. Regucalcin protein was detected in the femoral-diaphyseal and -metaphyseal tissues of normal (wild-type) rats using Western analysis. Regucalcin levels were significantly increased in the femoral-metaphyseal tissues of regucalcin TG male rats and in the diaphyseal and metaphyseal tissues of the TG female rats. The morphologic change in the femoral-diaphyseal and -metaphyseal tissues of regucalcin TG rats was demonstrated by using a peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT); morphologic change was great in the femoral tissues of female rats as compared with that of male rats. Mineral content, mineral density and polar strength strain index in the femoral-diaphyseal and -metaphyseal tissues were markedly reduced in regucalcin TG female rats. A significant decrease in cortical thickness was seen in the femoral diaphysis of regucalcin TG female rats. Calcium content in the femoral-diaphyseal and -metaphyseal tissues was significantly decreased in regucalcin TG male and female rats; a remarkable decrease was seen in female rats. Femoral-metaphyseal alkaline phosphatase activity was significantly lowered in regucalcin TG female rats. The enzyme activity was not significantly changed in the femoral-diaphyseal tissues of the TG female rats. In the diaphyseal tissue of male rats, the enzyme activity was significantly decreased in the TG rats. A significant decrease in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) content was seen in the metaphyseal tissue of regucalcin TG male rats and in the diaphyseal and metaphyseal tissues of the TG female rats. This study demonstrates that bone loss is induced in the femoral tissue of regucalcin transgenic rats, and that a remarkable decrease in bone morphologic index and biochemical component was seen in the female rats. Regucalcin may be involved in the regulation of bone metabolism.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Laboratory of Endocrinology and Molecular Metabolism, Graduate School of Nutritional Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka 422-8526, Japan., Email: [email protected]

Publication date: January 1, 2002

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  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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