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Mitochondrial cytochrome c release in radiation-induced apoptosis of human peripheral T cells

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We examined sequential changes in post-irradiated peripheral blood T cells taken from normal volunteers, using a microscopy-video system, mitochondrial membrane potential assay, annexin V, propidium iodide, and cytochrome c ELISA kit. After 5 Gy irradiation with 10 MV X-ray from a linear accelerator, the percentages of apoptotic T cells were estimated as approximately 5, 10, 20, 35, and 70%, at 0, 3, 6, 10, and 20 h after irradiation, respectively, as observed with the microscopy-video system. Using a CCD camera-equipped fluorescence microscope and MitoCapture, a mitochondrial membrane potential indicator, approximately half of the T cells showed dysfunction of mitochondrial membrane potential at 10 h after 5 Gy irradiation. With regard to annexin V and propidium iodide, approximately 40 and 5% of the human peripheral T cells showed positivity against annexin V and propidium iodide at that time, respectively. Mitochondrial cytochrome c release from the mitochondria to the cytosol was confirmed to start at 10 h and to reach a maximum at 20 h after 5 Gy of irradiation. These results demonstrated that mitochondrial cytochrome c release occurred following dysfunction of mitochondrial membrane potential in radiation-induced T cell apoptosis.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Radiology, Kochi Medical School, Oko-cho, Nankoku-shi, Kochi-Prefecture 783-8505, Japan., Email: [email protected]

Publication date: January 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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