Decreased nm23 expression, but not Ki-67 labeling index, is significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis of breast invasive ductal carcinoma
The nm23 gene was originally identified by differential hybridization of metastatic murine melanoma cell lines. Some experimental studies demonstrated a significantly reduced metastatic potential of melanoma cell lines transfected with the nm23 gene. In this study, we clarified the relationship between lymph node status and nm23 immunoreactivity, as well as Ki-67 labeling index (LI), of human breast cancer. Of the 44 breast invasive ductal carcinomas, nm23-diffusely positive expression [nm23(+)] was detected in 17 (38.6%), and focally positive/negative expression [nm23(±/-)] in 27 (61.4%) cases. Lymph node metastasis was found at a significantly higher incidence in the nm23(±/-) cases (18/27, 66.7%) than in the nm23(+) cases (4/17, 23.5%) (p>0.001). In the lymph node metastasis-positive cases, mean LI of Ki-67 cells was 20.9% at the center of the tumors and 24.0% at the advanced margins. In the lymph node metastasis-negative cases, mean LI of Ki-67 cells was 12.4% at the center of the tumors and 27.2% at the advanced margins. Decrease of nm23 expression, but not Ki-67 LI, was significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis of breast invasive ductal carcinoma.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Pathology, Yamato Municipal Hospital, Yamato, Kanagawa 242-8602, Japan
Publication date: January 1, 2002
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- The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.
The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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