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Tumor-induced insufficiency in T cell activity and hyperproduction of interleukin-2 in rat giant hepatomas

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The roles of lymphoid elements and apoptosis-related proteins in the development of extremely large hepatomas were studied in rats. Hepatoma cells were inoculated subcutaneously into 6-week-old rats, and 4 months later the quantities of T and B cells, macrophages, and cells positive for Fas, Fas ligand (FasL) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) were immunochemically evaluated in tumors. Grafting of hepatoma cells caused the development of giant tumors that could reach one-third of the rat's body weight. Within the hepatomas, almost all CD8+ T cells were destroyed as they passed from the tumoral stroma into the parenchyma and came in contact with tumor epithelial cells. This could be the consequence of IL-2 production, since about 90% of tumor cells were CD25+. The tumoral mass increased despite the significant increase in tumor necrosis. Cells with Ki67 or in mitosis, and cells positive for Fas and FasL were found only among tumor epithelial cells that were necrotic and never among viable cells. We suggest that progress in tumorigenesis is facilitated by inhibition of T helper cells, and the extensive death of T killer cells is caused by the high levels of the tumor produced IL-2.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Israel

Publication date: March 1, 2001

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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