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Development of anorexia in concanavalin A-induced hepatitis in mice

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Anorexia that develops in chronic hepatitis is associated with cytokine expression in the brain. Treatment of mice with concanavalin A (12.5 mg/kg, i.v.) elevated the plasma alanine aminotransferase activity at 8.5 h after treatment. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β mRNA expression was induced at 6 and 24 h after concanavalin A treatment in both the liver and brain. Treatment of mice with concanavalin A reduced the body weight at 24 h after treatment and this decreased body weight was accompanied by a decreased food intake. Glycyrrhizin (200 mg/kg, i.p.) inhibited the concanavalin A-induced elevation of plasma alanine aminotransferase activity, however, it did not inhibit the concanavalin A-induced decreased body weight. The present results indicate that treatment of mice with concanavalin A caused the development of anorexia and that this anorexia might develop independently of the induction of hepatitis.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Research Laboratories, Nippon Chemiphar Co., Ltd, Misato, Saitama 341-0005, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2001

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  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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