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Detection of ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency heterozygotes by measuring of urinary uracil.

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The importance of detecting heterozygosity for X-linked ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency is well known. Although the DNA analysis and the allopurinol loading tests are commonly used for this purpose, both methods require complicated procedures. In order to establish a simple test for detecting female heterozygotes, we examined the uracil and orotic acid in single-voided urine samples from 70 healthy women, and from 12 asymptomatic females with ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency. Based on the results of healthy women, we were able to determine a screening cut-off line of 11.9 micromol/mmol creatinine (mean +/- 1SD in logarithmic form) for uracil. Using this cut-off line, the sensitivity of OCT heterozygotes was 100%. We were also able to establish a second cut-off line of 28.9 micromol/mmol creatinine (mean +/- 3SD in logarithmic form) for diagnosis. Using this second cut-off line, the specificity of OCT heterozygotes was 100%. Our study has shown that the measurement of urinary uracil is a relatively simple and effective method for detecting female heterozygotes.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Pediatrics, Nagoya City University Medical School, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466, Japan.

Publication date: August 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Molecular Medicine is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of high quality studies related to the molecular mechanisms of human disease. The journal welcomes research on all aspects of molecular and clinical research, ranging from biochemistry to immunology, pathology, genetics, human genomics, microbiology, molecular pathogenesis, molecular cardiology, molecular surgery and molecular psychology.

    The International Journal of Molecular Medicine aims to provide an insight for researchers within the community in regard to developing molecular tools and identifying molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse number of human diseases.
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